The SMR (Serviciul Maritim Român, the Romanian state merchant marine) was also endowed with a number of new ships: the steamer Oituz, the ex-German freighters Ardeal, Peleș, Alba Iulia and Suceava (all of them commissioned between 1932-1933), the passenger liners Basarabia and Transilvania (bought from Germany in 1938) and four new freighters from Italy just before the start of the Second World War: Balcic, Cavarna, Mangalia and Sulina. [6] The torpedo boat Fulgerul however was lost during the trip to Romania when she capsized and sank in the Bosphorus in 1922. TKA-332 was hit and sunk.[21][22][23]. Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the founder of the Romanian Navy. [13] These ships were commissioned between 1930 and 1936. [14] The overwhelming superiority of the Soviet Navy forced the Royal Romanian Navy to conduct mainly defensive operations throughout the entire war and its warships rarely hazarded further east than Cape Sarych. [17] In comparison, the Soviet Black Sea Fleet had a battleship, three medium cruisers, three light cruisers, three flotilla leaders, eight modern destroyers, five old destroyers, two large torpedo boats, 47 submarines and many other auxiliary and small vessels. "The 307 Marine Battalion is destined to carry out military operations in an amphibious river and lagoon environment, the security of objectives in the coastal area, the Danube Delta and the support of local authorities in case of a civil emergency. In this MomJunction post, we bring you a list of 75 Romanian last names and surnames that have interesting and a bit amusing origin. On 18 April, the Soviet Leninets-class submarine L-6 was twice attacked with depth charges and damaged by the Romanian gunboat Ghiculescu, numerous bubbles emerged from the depths after each attack, before being finished off by the German submarine hunter UJ-104. The first acquisition of the Romanian Navy was the steamboat "Prințul Nicolae Conache Vogoride". [14], The expansion of the Romanian Navy during the interwar period required more training facilities and ships. [31] The mines laid near Odessa later sank the Soviet submarines M-33 and M-60[32] and the motor gunboats YA-26 and YA-27 in 1944. CORVETTE Displacement: 1500 dwt LOA: 92,4m Beam: 11,7m Draft: 3,1m Propulsion: 4 Diesel engines, 13000 HP Speed: 24 knots Complement: 95 (7 officers) The last phase of the evacuation (10-14 May) saw the fiercest combat, as Axis ships transported, under constant attacks from Soviet aircraft and shore artillery, over 30,000 troops. She was struck by a large aerial bomb, which fell in her fuel tanks, but failed to detonate. [43][44], In support of the Romanian-led Siege of Odessa, the Romanian Navy dispatched motor torpedo boats to the recently occupied port of Ochakiv (Oceacov or Vozia in Romanian). [1] The first Commander-in-chief of the navy was Colonel Nicolae Steriade. [20], The evacuation of the Crimea in April–May 1944 was the most complex and extensive operation of the Romanian Navy during the Second World War. The two Romanian warships attacked the submarine with depth charges, sinking her with all hands. [54] The modern Romanian-built submarines Rechinul and Marsuinul were completed in 1942 but could not begin their operations until 1944 and come too late to score results. "Fulgerul" (The Lighting) gunboat, built in 1873 at Toulon, was the first military ship to have sailed under Romanian flag in maritime waters. Articles with Romanian-language external links, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Mihail Kogălniceanu class river patrol monitors, "Mihail Kogălniceanu" class river patrol monitors, Official site of the Romanian Naval Forces, Black Sea Naval Co-operation Task Group (BLACKSEAFOR), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Romanian_Naval_Forces?oldid=4687941, Pages using infobox military unit with unknown parameters, Naval Helicopter Group (IAR Puma Naval helicopters), 88 River Patrol Boat Squadron (VB 76 class), "Vice Admiral Constantin Bălescu" Naval Training School, "Admiral I. Murgescu" Navy Petty Officer School, "CALLATIS" Radio-Electronics and Surveillance Center, Training, Simulation and Evaluation Center. There were also approximately six older gunboats used for border patrol, minelayers and other auxiliary ships used for transport or supply. [14] As a result, only the Romanian-built minelayer Amiral Murgescu and three British-built motor torpedo boats (received in February 1940 and designated: Viforul, Vijelia and Viscolul) were received before the Second World War. [1] These plans mainly concentrated on the Danube flotilla. The 1899 program called for six coastal battleships, four destroyers and twelve torpedo boats. [5], The main focus of the Romanian Navy during the interwar period was the Black Sea fleet. The scale and importance of the operation can be attested by the usage in combat of all four warships of the Romanian Destroyer Squadron, the largest Axis warships in the Black Sea. The largest naval action fought by the Romanian Navy was the 26 June 1941 Raid on Constanța, and its most extensive operation was the 1944 evacuation of the Crimea. The Romanian Navy is organized in one Frigate Flotilla and one Riverine Flotilla. [65], The Romanian Black Sea Fleet in June 1941, Romanian naval operations in support of Axis land offensives. The main success of the war was the sinking of the Turkish river monitor "Seyfî" near Măcin by a group of spar torpedo boats including "Rândunica" and the Russian Carevitch and Ksenya crafts. The following major seaports were protected by Romanian mine barrages by the end of 1943: Romania capitulated on 23 August 1944, in the aftermath of a successful Soviet land offensive. 7,150 men and women serve in the Romanian Navy. The Romanian Navy contributed to the offensive, with the monitor Catargiu landing 50 marines to occupy the town of Hârșova on 8 November, after it was abandoned by the retreating enemy. In 1926, two additional destroyers were ordered from Italy: Regele Ferdinand and Regina Maria of the Regele Ferdinand class destroyer, together with the Romanian Navy's first submarine, Delfinul, and the submarine depot ship Constanța. On 19 August, a day before the Soviet offensive started the Navy had 54 ships on the Black Sea (29 warships and 25 auxiliary) and 137 on the Danube (37 warships and 100 auxiliary), a marine regiment, a navy engineers regiment and a coastal artillery regiment. [19] Until King Michael's Coup, the Romanian Navy retreated behind the protection of the coastal mine barrages and anti-aircraft defences of Constanța as the Soviet Air Force began to launch heavy air attacks. The text of this published glossary of abbreviations was prepared shortly after the close of World War II. [5] The main task of the Romanian Flotilla Corps was to transport Russian troops, equipment and supplies across the Danube and to protect the bridges across the river by using mine barrages in key points. The base was later moved to 1864 at Brăila and eventually in 1867 at Galați which saw various inffrastructu… [7][9], The Danube Flotilla was more modern,[6][10] and consisted of four river monitors (Lascăr Catargiu, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Ion C. Brătianu and Alexandru Lahovari) and eight British-built torpedo boats. Legates or Lieutenants are the second rank holders in the roman military hierarchy who are responsible for commanding legions.The commandants at this position are in charge of a host of tasks. Ancient naval vessels were made of wood, water-proofed using pitch and paint, and propelled by both sail and oars. [12] Năluca, Sborul and Smeul, three of these old torpedo boats, will later see service in World War II. Also, two companies from this unit have participated in the KFOR mission "Joint Enterprise" in 2008-09.[1]. [1] In 1867, the royal yacht "Ștefan cel Mare" (Stephen the Great) entered service, followed by "Fulgerul" (The Lightning) gunboat in 1874 and the "Rândunica" (The Swallow) spar torpedo boat in 1875. During World War II, the Royal Romanian Navy received two submarines built at Galați and a number of small other vessels. In the ensuing battle, the Soviet Shchuka-class submarine Shch-206 was attacked by Năluca, at first with 20 mm rounds and then with depth charges, eventually being sunk with all hands. After the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the ruling Domnitor of the Romanian Principalities, decided on the 22nd of October 1860 by order no. The senior officers were drawn from Rome’s senatorial class. The Fleet Command building in Constanța. Submarinele României. The old brig Mircea was also sunk during a Soviet air raid on 17 April 1944. Equipment includes two Type 22 frigates, one "Mărășești" class frigate, four corvettes (two Tetal-I and two Tetal-II), three Tarantul-I missile corvettes, three Osa class torpedo boats, one minelayer, four minesweepers, three "Mihail Kogălniceanu" class river patrol monitors, five "Smârdan" (Brutar-II) class river patrol monitors and other small crafts and auxiliary ships.[2]. The Germans noted the rigid hierarchical system in th… [58] These supplemented the existing squadron of seven motor torpedo boats, consisting of the British-built Viscolul and the six Romanian-built Vedenia-class vessels. By 1906 personnel numbered about 1500 [24] Throughout the war, the mines laid off Constanța also sank four Soviet submarines (Shch-213, M-58, M-34 and Shch-208). None of these ships were ever built. [10] The Romanian Navy had a secondary role during World War I and only had light losses. [6][7] Four destroyers (and allegedly a submarine[5][6]) were actually ordered from Italy, but they were not delivered as the Italian Navy requisitioned them in 1914. The WW1 Romanian Navy. The British torpedo boats from the Căpitan Nicolae Lascăr Bogdan class were built during 1906-1907 and weighed 50 tons each. 64 light machine guns, Md. Three rearmament plans were implemented: during 1883-1885, 1886-1888 and 1906-1908. The rest of the warships were in repairs after the evacuation of Crimea and the Soviet air attacks of the last couple of months or had been relegated to training duties. Divizionul 129 Nave Speciale și de Sprijin Logistic; Centrul 338 Mentenanță Tehnică Navală; Secția Logistică 330 Constanța The equipment was modest at best, with 3 ships from Wallachia and 3 from Moldavia, manned by 275 sailors. The navy was French-trained and organized. was formed in the mid 1970s for the defence of the Danube Delta and Romanian Black Sea shore. The same ranks and basic insignia are used in the other militarised institutions. The Romanian warships were supported by coastal artillery, including the German coastal battery Tirpitz (nominally under Romanian command) and the Soviet warships by Tupolev SB bombers. The new plan envisioned a cruiser, four destroyers, three submarines, four minelayers and twelve motor torpedo boats. The Romanian-built minelayer Amiral Murgescu and the three auxiliary minelayers of the Romanian Navy played an important role in the defence of Constanța in 1941 and later in securing the merchant convoy routes to the Bosporus and the supply routes to Odessa and Sevastopol. Their mission was to harass Soviet communication and supply lines. Ships could also be fitted wit… This achievement earned the Romanian naval commander, Rear-Admiral Horia Macellariu, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Crucea de Cavaler a Crucii de Fier, in Romanian). [21] A number of warships were never returned. However, the navy had a low priority within the Romanian Army. [2] The 307th Marine Battalion was involved in military exercises with similar troops from USA, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Italy and Ukraine that were organized locally or abroad. The battalion is organized into infantry, reconnaissance, sniper, mortars, anti-tank artillery, engineers, communications, logistic and naval support units. The survivors were in poor shape, often going barefoot, and one of the main forms of transport seems to have been gaily painted peasant carts. [5] A number of these warships would have been built under license in Romania at Galați, where a new dry dock was developed. From 15 April to 14 May, numerous German and Romanian warships escorted many convoys between Constanța and Sevastopol. ZIUA MARINEI ROMÂNE - 115 ani de tradiţie 15 august 2017. The Romanian Navy (Romanian language: ForÅ£ele Navale Române Submarines 161 Alabama (BB8). The base was first established in 1861 at Izmail, but it was later relocated in 1864 at Brăila and in 1867 at Galați. [20] By this late stage of the war, only two destroyers (Regina Maria and Mărășești), two gunboats (Dumitrescu and Ghiculescu), one minelayer (Amiral Murgescu) and three motor torpedo boats were still operational. Ships with multiple levels of rowers, such as the trireme, were fast and manoeuvrable enough to attack enemy vessels by ramming. [14][15] Another nine British motor torpedo boats were to be built under license at Galați, but this plan was canceled after Romania joined the Axis. [26] These mines later sank three-four Soviet submarines (the S-class S-34 (claimed also by Bulgarian mines [27][28]), L-24, Shch-210 and Shch-211). No Romanian Navy warships were lost during the evacuation, however the destroyer Regele Ferdinand was close to being sunk. naval forces. It was initially located at 2 Mai village near Mangalia, but since 1975 the Marine Battalion was moved to Babadag, Tulcea County. Torpiloarele României: vedetele Vosper . [18], The two Regele Ferdinand class destroyers were the most powerful surface units available to the Axis powers during the naval war in the Black Sea but were mostly used for convoy escort. NAVAL ABBREVIATIONS OPNAV 29-P1000 (Revised APRIL 1949) FIFTH EDITION Prepared by OFFICE OF NAVAL RECORDS AND HISTORY OFFICE OF THE … [5] Officers were initially sent to Brest Naval Training Centre in France, as the Military School in Bucharest did not have a naval section. Jipa Rotaru, Octavian Burcin, Vladimir Zodian, List of main Romanian Navy warships of World War II, attacked and sank the German transport ship, Operations in Romanian-occupied Soviet waters, Soviet Black Sea Fleet during the Battle of Stalingrad, Naval operations in Romanian-occupied Soviet waters, http://docplayer.ru/amp/27819615-Tragediya-transporta-zalcburg-i-gibel-podvodnoy-lodki-m-118.html, "russian Russian Navy - Soviet Navy - Soviet Union (1918-1991) S-34 (+1941)", "Ya-5 and Ya-5M types motor mortar boats (1942–1945)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romanian_Navy_during_World_War_II&oldid=988447737, Military history of Romania during World War II, Black Sea naval operations of World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Built in the United Kingdom in 1898, sunk in October 1941, Built in Italy for the Romanian Navy, entered service in 1920, Built in Italy for the Romanian Navy, entered service in 1930, Built in Austria-Hungary during World War I, acquired by Romania after the end of the war, Built in Austria-Hungary, assembled and launched in Romania in 1907; served as anti-submarine escort fitted with two depth charge throwers, Built in Austria-Hungary in 1915, acquired by Romania after World War I; fitted for service at sea with one depth charge thrower, Built in France during World War I, acquired by Romania after the end of the war, Built in Austria-Hungary during World War I as torpedo boat, acquired by Romania after the end of the war and converted to escort gunboat, Built in Austria-Hungary during World War I as torpedo boat, acquired by Romania after the end of the war and converted to escort gunboat; sunk August 1944, Built in the United Kingdom in the late 1930s, acquired by Romania in 1940, Built in the United Kingdom in the late 1930s, acquired by Romania in 1940; sunk November 1941, Built in Russia during World War I as landing craft; converted to floating battery armed with two 152 mm guns and acquired by Romania in February 1918, Built in Italy for the Romanian Navy, entered service in 1936, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 06:52. She sank on the 10th of October 1941 when she struck a mine laid by a Soviet submarine while herself was minelaying the Bulgarian coast. Noutăţi. Operations consisted mainly of mine warfare, but there were also escort missions and localized naval engagements. This is the current structure of the Romanian Navy: Soldiers from the 307th Marine Battalion disembark from a Dutch landing ship at Vadu beach during a military exercise.

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